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UN Security Council Vetoes (2021)
The United Nations Charter of 1945 grants five sovereign states a permanent seat on the UN Security Council: the People's Republic of China (formerly the Republic of China), the French Republic, the Russian Federation (formerly the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics), the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America. While the 'power of veto' is not mentioned by name in the UN Charter, Article 27 grants each of the five permanent member states the ability to veto any 'substantive' resolution.
Since the first veto in 1946, the use of the veto power has reflected shifting political balances. Early in the history of the UN, the majority of vetoes were cast by the Soviet Union. From 1970 to 1991, the US cast 56% of the vetoes. In recent years, this balance has once again shifted: China has not cast a lone veto vote since 1999, and has frequently joined Russia in vetoes since the outbreak of the Syrian civil war in 2011. Neither France nor the UK has used their veto power since 1989.
Will three or more United Nations Security Council resolutions be vetoed in 2021?
This question resolves according to the total number of vetoed resolutions recorded on the research.un.org website on 1 January 2022.
This question concerns the number of unique resolutions vetoed, not the number of veto votes cast. For example, the draft resolution 'S/2019/961' was vetoed by both Russia and China, but would contribute only one to the 2019 tally.
In the event that the official UN website is not active at the time of resolution, this question resolves ambiguously.
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