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What the percentage of egg-laying hens will be cage-free, in the U.S., in June 2025?

Battery cages, wire-mesh enclosures, are the predominant form of housing for laying hens worldwide (Leenstra, 2016). Cage reduce aggression and cannibalism among hens, but are barren, restrict movement, or the expression of natural behaviours, and increase rates of osteoporosis (Meseret, 2016). As of March 2019, cage-free shell egg production accounted for only 18.4% (60.7 million hens) of the current table egg layer flock. By contrast, in the European Union, As of 2017, 49,6% of the total number of laying hens were not in cages (EU, 2018).

What the percentage of egg-laying hens will be cage-free, in the U.S., in June 2025?


This question resolves as the percentage of the egg-laying flock that are in any cage-free category in June 2025, according to figures published by the United States Department of Agriculture. For the number of egg-laying hens that are in any cage-free category, we shall use the the estimated "layer flock size" of "all cage-free layers" for the month July (generally published here in early August). For the total number of egg layers, we use the USDA estimate of the number layers producing table or market type eggs (generally published here).


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