Recent work in neuroscience suggests that consciousness may not depend on a highly developed cortex, or on any particular brain structure. In 2012, an international group of neuroscientists released "The Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness," arguing that nonhuman animals (including all mammals, birds, octopuses, and some others) possess the neurological substrates that generate consciousness, and that consciousness and intentionality are not uniquely human attributes.
The widespread recognition of nonhuman animal consciousness could have far-reaching implications for the scientific, legal, industrial, and social norms that govern the roles of animals in human society. Since 2009, the European Union has legally recognized animals as “sentient beings,” establishing rules for the protection and welfare of all farmed animals. And recently times, Quebec passed a new animal welfare law on behalf of the Animal Amendment Bill, which now legally recognize animals as sentient beings.
In the 2014 release of the WAP's index 9 countries were awarded a B or A grade on "Formal Recognition of Animal Sentience." The countries awarded a B grade were: Denmark, Philippines, New Zealand, Chile, and for A grades: Germany, United Kingdom, The Netherlands, Austria, Switzerland.
In second edition of the Animal Protection Index planned for release in 2020, how many countries will be listed with B or A grades on the indicator for "Formal Recognition of Animal Sentience"?
This question resolves as the number of countries that are listed with B or A grades on the indicator for "Formal Recognition of Animal Sentience" in the WAP's updated index, currently planned to be released in early 2020. This question resolves ambiguously if any of the following cases:
the second edition's indicator grades for "Formal Recognition of Animal Sentience" are not issued before the end of 2022;
the indicator grades for "Formal Recognition of Animal Sentience" is not issued for at least 80% of countries considered in the 2014 index release;
two or more countries awarded a B or A grade in the 2014 index release are not issued a grade for "Formal Recognition of Animal Sentience" in the next index release.
The data for the 2014 Index can be found in this spreadsheet. Please make a copy by clicking "file" and then "make a copy" if you wish to edit it. The question resolves ambiguously if the second edition ratings are not issued by the end of 2022.
This question shall be retroactively closed and resolved two days before the second edition of the Animal Protection Index is released.